Provo (45/50)(1 is most free, 50 is least free)
To learn what the below scores mean and how they were calculated, read our ranking methodology.
Individual Liberty (46/50)
This category compiles scores on 17 different data points to determine how well Provo respects and protects the liberty of its citizens.
|Code Accessiblity||1||10%||This city uses an online, easily navigable and searchable database for its city laws.||Code Publishing database|
|Dog Licensing||33||10%||Depending on whether the dog is fixed or not and the length of the license you purchase, licensing fees for each dog ranges from $11.66 to $35.||Link|
|Free Speech||45||15%||This city requires a permit to stage a protest on public property, along with payment of a $5 fee.||Special Event Permit|
|Daytime Curfew||1||10%||This city does not impose a daytime curfew on minors.|
|Vice Regulation||13||10%||This city exceeds the regulations of state law on public consumption of alcohol by prohibiting beer in a list of public places. Smoking is also prohibited in certain outdoor areas.||9-19-090, Utah County regulation|
|Campaign Contribution Limits||1||10%||This city does not regulate free speech by imposing a limit on campaign contributions for city elections|
|Loitering||28||10%||The loitering laws in this city prohibit attmpting to hide oneself after dark in a high-crime area.||9-14-200|
|Violation of Ordinances||8||10%||While some ordinances may impose a specific penalty, in Provo the default penalty for a violation of any city ordinance, if not specified, is a class B misdemeanor which carries a fine of up to $1,000.||1-03-010(1), 1-03-010(2)|
|Gun Regulation||46||15%||Under authority granted from state law, Provo has chosen to regulate the discharge of firearms in city limits with no exceptions for self-defense or other lawful uses made explicit in code. The code also has additional provisions regulating firearms. This includes:|
• Carrying dangerous weapons into treatment facilities is prohibited.
Private Property (40/50)
63 different data points are included in this category to discern the degree to which Provo respects and protects private property rights.
|Conditional Use Permit Fees||40||10%||The cost of a conditional use permit is $360. Additionally, the city may charge a fee of $30 for public hearing notice.||Fee Schedule|
|Home Building Fees||18||10%||The total cost of permit fees for building a typical single family home is $7,099. This includes $1,834 in permit fees, $4,074 in impact fees, $1,191 in site plan approval fees, and no plan check fees.||Per city staff|
|Animal Restrictions||30||15%||Chickens are permitted in at least one residential zone with a $20 permit. Beehives are permitted in residential zones without a permit. Assuming a lot size of 0.15 acres, this city only allows you to have 2 dogs, allows 2 chickens, and 5 beehives.||8-06-070, 8-02-190, 8-03|
|Short-term Rentals||17||15%||This city prohibits property owners from renting their residential property on a short-term basis as is often done through services like Airbnb and VRBO.||6.26.020|
|Taxes & Cost of Government||39||30%||The cost of government in Provo as a share of the total taxable economic base is $98 per $10,000. As a share of total personal income, the cost is $419 per $10,000. On a per capita basis, the cost is $491. The city gets 25% of its tax revenue from property taxes, 28% of its tax revenue from sales tax, and 47% from other sources including fees and fines.||City Financial Statements|
|Bonded Debt||38||15%||The city is currently utilizing 5.56% of thier debt limit for general obligation bonds; however, if calculated for all bonds (including revenue bonds), the utilization would be 10.82%.||City Financial Statements|
|Lobbying||1||5%||This city does not employ lobbyists to represent the city.||Per Records Request|
This city also has restrictive land use ordinances that violate property rights.
Free Enterprise (38/50)
The final category includes 35 different data points in an effort to review Provo's protection—or violation—of the free market.
|City-owned Enterprises||46||15%||This city owns 7 enterprises that could instead be offered by the private market: a redevelopment agency; an electric power company; a garbage collection service; a recycling service; a golf course; a fitness center; a water park;||City Financial Statements|
|Beer Sale Restrictions||21||10%||This city regulates the retail sale of beer by prohibiting sales from 1 am to 7 am.||6-14-140|
|Alcohol Licensing||42||10%||The city requires $350 for a retail beer license, $450 for a restaurant license, and $550 for a tavern license.||City Fee Schedule|
|Sales Tax||22||20%||This city imposes a combined sales tax rate of 6.75% on its citizens. The city also has a municipal energy tax rate of 6.0%, a transient room tax at 5.75%, and a leasing tax at 7.5%.||State Tax Commission|
|Business Licensing||17||35%||This city charges the following licensing fees: $37 for a home occupation license; $125 for a small commercial license; $800 for a large commercial license; $384 for a temporary firework stand; $309 for a temporary christmas tree lot; and $152 for two solicitor licenses.||City Fee Schedule|
|Commerce Regulations||11||10%||In Provo, entertainment businesses must close between 1am and 8am. Home occupations employing people not living in the residence must make them leave between 5pm and 8am.||6-15-060(1)|